Allah Exists Without A Place
The saying that Allah, ta'ala, exists without a place is the belief and the creed of the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam, the Companions and those who graciously followed them, and it shall be until the Day of Judgment. The proof of this precious statement is what Allah said in the Qur'an, in Surat ash-Shura, ayah 11:
which means: "There is nothing like Him and He has the attribute of Hearing and
Seeing." This ayah absolutely and totally clears Allah of
resembling the creation. It comprises that Allah, ta'ala,
is different from the creations in the Self, Attributes, and Doings. Hence, it shows that Allah,
ta'ala, exists without a place, because the one who exists in a place
would, by nature, be composed of atoms, i.e., he would be a body, occupying a space, and Allah,
ta'ala, is clear of occupying spaces.
Al-Bukhariyy, al-Bayhaqiyy and Ibn alJarud related that the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said:
which means: "Allah existed eternally and there was nothing
else." This hadith proves that Allah was alone in al-'azal,
(the status of existence without a beginning,) i.e., before creating any of the creation.
There was nothing with Him: no place, no space, no sky, no light, and no darkness. It is
determined in the rules of the Religion and the judgments of the sound mind that Allah,
the Exalted, does not change. Hence, it is impossible that after having been existing
without a place, He would become in a place, because this is a development, and the
development is a sign of needing others, and the one who needs others is not God.
Imam Abu Mansur al-Baghdadiyy related in his book, Al-Farqu Bayn alFiraq, that Imam 'Ali, the fourth of the caliphs, may Allah reward his deeds, said:
which means: "Allah existed eternally and there was no place, and He
now is as He was, i.e., without a place."
Imam Abu Hanifah, who is one of the authorities of as-Salaf,
said in his book Al-Fiqh alAbsat: "Allah existed
eternally and there was no place. He existed before creating the creation. He existed, and
there was no place, creation, or thing; and He is the Creator of everything."
Imam al-Hafidh al-Bayhaqiyy said in his book, Al-Asma'u was-Sifat, on page 400: ".... What was mentioned towards the end of the hadith is an indication of denying Allah has a place and denying the slave is alike to Allah, wherever he was in proximity or remoteness. Allah, the Exalted, is adhDhahir--hence, it is valid to know about Him by proofs. Allah is